If you are looking to buy a sea angling boat, then there is a lot to think about and questions to ask yourself before committing to a purchase. A boat is a major buy and as with any major purchase, making the right choice is not always straightforward. This is especially true when it comes to buying boats. Whether your dream is to own a small sea angling boat that can carry you outside the harbour entrance for a spot of bass fishing or for a larger vessel that can take you and a party well offshore to the fishing grounds, the same principles of decision making apply.
Questions to ask yourself…
Experience- You might have plenty of fishing expertise, but have you owned a boat before? If not, be realistic about the size and type of boat you can manage.
Size - How far offshore do you want to go and how many passengers do you want to be able to carry?
Type - Do you want slow, heavy, light, fast, rugged, stable?
Skills - How are your boat handling and navigation skills? Do you have a VHF certificate?
Budget - Do you have a budget in mind? Have you listed all the costs involved?
Time - Owning a boat consumes plenty, how much spare time do you have available?
New or used - What are the pros and cons?
Engine - Are you thinking of an inboard or outboard engine?
Storage - Will you keep the boat ashore, on a mooring or in a marina?
Road transport - Will you need a road trailer? If so, check the maximum towing weight of your vehicle?
Maintenance - Are you planning to maintain the boat yourself?
If you plan to transport your boat by road it is important that you check your vehicle has adequate towing capacity and that the combined boat and trailer gross weight does not exceed this. For example an average family car should be able to manage a combined boat and trailer weight up to 750kg, while the largest 4x4s can tow a combined boat and braked trailer weight up to 3500kg. Note that braked and un-braked trailers have different limits. Rules and regulations for towing in the UK and Europe are quite complex.
There are all kinds of boats out there suitable for sea fishing, varying in shape, size and purpose. Choosing the hull type is a good way to start narrowing down your choice.
Displacement hulls are used for slow, heavy vessels like trawlers and tugs. A displacement hull moves through the water by pushing the water aside and cutting through it at a slow, steady speed. Fishing boats with displacement hulls are economic on fuel and move through the water easily and efficiently. They don’t tend to rock around and are able to cope well with rough seas.
Planing hulls are designed to rise up and skim or ‘plane’ over the water once they have reached a high enough speed (usually 15 knots or more). They require large powerful engines to build up sufficient speed to plane. Most boats designed to plane are made of light materials to keep their weight down. Planing hulls are V shaped in section at the bow, to help the hull cut through the water, extending to a flatter bottomed, wider shape towards the stern, allowing the boat to skim over the water at speed.
A semi-displacement hull is normally narrower than a planing hull, with a fine bow but a more rounded hull shape than a pure planing hull and a flat part at the stern to help create lift. The more rounded shape of the hull makes it more comfortable than a planing hull in a rough sea. Semi-displacement hulls are well suited for rugged, sea going boats such as pilot vessels, which are able to move quickly through heavy seas.
A cathedral hull is a variation of a planing hull and a popular shape for fishing boats. Cathedral hulls have a deep V shape along the centre with two smaller V shaped sections on either side, similar in design to the roofs of old cathedrals. This design gives a stable platform that is suited for fishing and copes well with rough conditions. The hull shape also enables greater speed than a heavy displacement equivalent, which gets you to the fishing ground quicker and back home quicker if the weather turns nasty.
Searching for the boat - where to start?
A good place to start searching is by browsing a few of the many websites and forums that are dedicated to sea fishing and boat buying. Most online marketplaces enable you to refine your search to suit your requirements and some have advanced search features which will notify you if a boat matching your search criteria comes on the market. Here are some good examples:
By signing into online forums, you can easily get advice from people with experience. If you browse online you will find several for sea angling enthusiasts.
Visit the boat shows if you can, not only to look at the boats, but talk to the people working in the boating industry - designers, manufacturers, finance people, the training schools and more. Most will happily offer their advice at these shows and are used to doing so. There are many boat shows held around the UK during the year, the largest being London (every January) and Southampton (every September). It is advisable to talk to a few brokers in your area as they will be able to help guide you through the boat buying process. Most are happy to offer advice and can show you round fishing boats in your price range.
Buying a used Sea Angler
It is advisable to decide early on whether you are going to buy new or used, as the buying process differs a little. If you buy new, then there is much more scope to have the boat customised to suit your needs. While a new boat will cost more, it may prove easier to arrange good finance terms as repayments can be spread over longer periods. If you buy a pre-owned boat, say a few years old, it should be a lot less than the cost when it was new and the depreciation will be less as it gets older, provided you maintain it in good condition. You will need to have the boat inspected by a surveyor but you can land yourself an excellent boat at a very good price.
New vs used pros and cons:
|New boat - Pros||New boat - Cons||Used boat - Pros||Used boat - Cons|
|Good financing options||Rapid depreciation early on||Purchase cost is less than new||Financing options not as good as for new|
|Warranty protection||Purchase cost||Usually better equipped than new||Warranty may not be included|
|Choose the specification to suit your needs||Equipment and gear will be extra||Less depreciation||Specification as seen|
Salt water is a punishing environment for engines, electrics, instruments, paintwork, varnish and just about anything that is manmade. If a boat isn’t regularly maintained and looked after then the risk of engine failure or equipment failure will increase and sooner or later something is going to break and ruin your day. When you look over a used boat, it is important to thoroughly check the vessel’s maintenance records. If records are not available, then proceed with utmost caution as replacing gear can get very expensive and time consuming.
The Recreational Craft Directive (RCD)
All recreational boats placed on the market after 1998 between 2.5m and 24m in length are required by European Law to comply with minimum standards set by the Recreational Craft Directive (RCD). When looking for a boat, the RCD category will be marked on the identification plate, along with the maximum recommended load , number of persons recommended, manufacturer’s name etc. The RCD states that manufacturers have to categorise their boats into one of four categories that are rated according to the seaworthiness capabilities as follows:
It is advisable to do some training and master the basic boat handling skills if you haven’t already done so. There are some excellent RYA training schools around our coasts that offer powerboat training.
Check out the full range of RYA courses in detail at RYA.
The more background boating knowledge and practical skills you can build up the better.
Choose the right type of boat to suit your needs and experience.
Work out your budget, including running costs.
Check out the sea angling forums - a great place for advice.
Decide whether you want to buy new or used.
Get a survey for a used boat. Pay particular attention to engine condition.
Visit the boat shows.
Talk to brokers; most will offer advice and help guide you through the process.
Sign up for some training unless you are already a skilled boater.
Towergate Insurance have teamed up with Safe Skipper Apps to create a free to download boating app with invaluable tips and practical advice for on boat preparation, checklists, equipment, communications and emergency procedures. Check out the app from Safe Skipper.